Create a Rubric

A rubric is a grading tool than contains criteria where students will be graded by particular levels of achievement.

  1. In the navbar, click Course Management and select Rubrics.
  2. Click the New Rubric button.
  3. Type your rubric's title into the Name box, then click "Published" to set the status of the rubric to Draft. (You will set the status to published when you have finished editing the rubric.) The rubric is auto-saved as you are working on it.
    TIP:Be as descriptive as possible with your name so you can identify the rubric later.

    Identifies Name field and Draft status

  4. Click the "Type" link and choose a rubric type
    Identifies Rubric Type link
    • Analytic - This rubric type breaks performance into multiple criteria. Each criterion is assessed separately, resulting in an overall assessment score. This is the most common rubric type. 
    • Holistic - These rubrics are less common. Performance is assessed holistically so several criteria would be considered, but only one overall assessment would be made.
  5. Click the "Scoring" link and choose a scoring type
    Identifies Scoring link
    • No score – Use this option if you want to use the rubric just to give feedback, but want to assign a holistic grade to the assignment. You won’t be able to assign points to each category.
    • Points – Use this option if you want all of your criteria to be weighted the same (i.e. if you had 4 criteria, they would all be worth 25% of the grade). This option will calculate a grade for your assignment.
    • Custom points – Use this option if your criteria have different weights (i.e. if your grammar is worth 15%, quality of thought is worth 50%, and formatting is worth 35%). This option will also calculate a grade for your assignment.

  6. Click the "Reverse Level Order" if you would like to reverse the direction in which points are awarded (i.e., Level 4 earns the highest points vs. earns the least points).
    Identifies the Reverse Level Order link 
  7. You can enter your criteria and levels into the appropriate fields, as well as the number of points you want associated with each level. You can also optionally enter Initial Feedback, which will be added when you use the rubric for grading.
    Shows Criteria and Level fields 
  8. Individual rows can be copied or deleted by using the dot menu in each criteria title field.
    Indicates the  
  9. Click the dot menu to copy or delete the specific row.
    Identifies the  
    NOTE: If you copy a row, D2L creates the copied row with a default name that begins with "Copy of". You can change the name at the time of copying or later by clicking the row name.

  10. Click the + button to add levels.
    Identifies the plus button.
  11. Click the + Add Criterion link at the bottom of the rubric template to add a criterion.
  12. To have multiple groups of criteria, click Add Criteria Group and type in the name of the group.
    Identifies the
  13. If you create multiple groups you can easily reorder them via the movement arrows that appear beside each group name. If you only have one Criteria group you will not see the movement arrows.
    identifies the movement arrows.
  14. In the overall score area, enter the level of achievement you would like to allocate for each score.
    Shows Overall Score Area
  15. Underneath the Overall Score area, you can click on Options for advanced options.
    Identifies Options
  16. You have several options for Rubric Visibility.
    Shows visibility options
    NOTE: You have the option to “Hide scores from students” – this means that students won’t be able to see how you graded them. The most effective practice is to leave this box unchecked so students can see how the grade was calculated.
  17. You can type in an optional description, which is for your use only and will not be seen by students.

  18. In the “Advanced Availability” area, there is an option called “Competencies.” This box must remain checked in order for your rubrics to work. Do not uncheck this box!Advanced Availability dropdown. Leave the competencies option checked.

  19. When you are done, click the Close button.

Publish Rubric for Use

Once complete, click the status link at the top right of the screen and choose Published.
Identifies Status link

Print the Rubric

Click the printer icon at the top right of the rubric to print a copy.